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by Maureen A. Taylor

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# Sunday, 28 May 2017
Honor Your Family's Veterans With an Online Photo Memorial
Posted by Maureen

Memorial Day is the day we honor our fallen military service members with parades and speeches. The backyard barbecues held afterward kick off summer.

How Memorial Day Began
There wasn't always a Memorial Day. In 1868, people gathered at Arlington National Cemetery to honor Civil War soldiers buried on the land once owned by Confederate General Robert E. Lee. The government had bought the parcel at a tax sale and set aside 200 acres for a cemetery.

Planners of what was then called Decoration Day chose May 30 because it didn't commemorate any battles and because flowers would be in bloom. You can read more at Decoration Day, 1868.

decoration daycropped.jpg

In this Library of Congress photo of Decoration Day in 1873 (the LOC catalog entry notes a penciled-in date of 1868 on the back of the image is wrong), Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Gen. James A. Garfield are in the reviewing stand. Grant was president from 1869 to 1877, and Garfield served as president for 20 days in 1881, until he was assassinated. 

Decoration Day officially became Memorial Day in 1971, more than a 100 years after the first ceremony.

Create an Online Photo Memorial to Your Family's Veterans
Fold3.com makes it easy to create an online memorial to the military men and women in your family. You can view what other memorials look like here. Hover over Memorials to chose US Honor Wall, US Vietnam Wall (based on names from the Vietnam memorial), or U.S.S. Arizona Wall (based on names from the U.S.S. Arizona memorial).

Before creating a new memorial, search for the veteran's name to see if one already exists. You can create a free basic Fold3 account and add information to what's already online.

If there isn't a page for your relative:
  1. In the Memorials menu, select Add a Memorial Page (or click here). You'll need to create a free basic Fold3 account if you're not a member of Fold3.
  2. Set up a profile page with a name and picture.
  3. Add a summary of facts about the person.
  4. Identify related pages (perhaps another relative served as well) or add them yourself.
  5. Upload photos and digitized documents.

You can add a story about the person and ask others to contribute their memories. When you're finished, share the page on your social media accounts.

For an example of what's possible, take a look at this page for William Taylor (no relation to me). There's a list of personal details, a cemetery stone as a profile picture, and short stories about him. In the upper right of the screen is a prompt for page visitors to tell a story about him. 

If you've created a Memorial Page, please share the link with us.


Identify your old mystery family photos with these guides by Maureen A. Taylor:

  • Family Photo Detective: Learn How to Find Genealogy Clues in Old Photos and Solve Family Photo Mysteries
  • Fashionable Folks: Bonnets and Hats 1840-1900
  • Finding the Civil War in Your Family Album
  • Hairstyles 1840-1900
  • Photo-Organizing Practices
  • Preserving Your Family Photographs
  • Searching for Family History Photos: How to Get Them Now

  • Save
    Decoration Day | Memorial Day | patriotic | Veterans
    Sunday, 28 May 2017 16:57:42 (GMT Daylight Time, UTC+01:00)  #  Comments [10]
    # Sunday, 21 May 2017
    Don't Forget the Women and Children in Old Photos
    Posted by Maureen



    Last week, I examined the cataloging record and photo format clues for this stereograph picture, taken between 1860 and 1864, from the Library of Congress online photo collection. This week, let's talk about the individuals shown.

    The Library of Congress caption states they're members of the Wallack family of New York actors and stage managers. James William Wallack (1795-1864) sits in a chair while his son Lester Wallack (1820-1888) stands to the side with his hand in his coat pocket.

    There are so many unanswered questions that aren't addressed in the caption.
    • Who are the woman and children?
    • Where was the picture taken?
    • Why was it taken?
    • Is the date correct?

    James Wallack

    A quick Google search for James Wallack turned up a Wikipedia page and  many more images of him as a younger man. James acted on the New York stage and his parents were comedians in London. In 1861, James opened Wallack's Theatre, a popular venue in New York.

    Since the stereo photo was taken circa 1860, let's look at the census for information on his family.  


    At that time, James Wallack lived with 6-year-old Charles Wallack (whom we know from other records is his grandson; the 1860 census doesn't state relationships), a druggist of a different surname, two servants and a waiter.

    Each clue generates another query. For example, why does Charles live with his grandfather?

    The Wikipedia page for James has a photo of him with a grandson. A caption, apparently added later by the child, states "I am the boy Charles E. Wallack." 




    Here's a close-up of the boys in the 1860-64 stereoview for comparision:




    We still don't know for sure which boy is Charles, who the other boy is, or who the woman is.

    Lester Wallack
    Before jumping to any conclusions, let's do more looking for the Wallacks. James' son Lester, born in New York, acted in London before returning home to the States and managing Wallack's Theater.

    The 1870 census shows "John" and wife Emily with children Florence, Charles and Harry. The family lived with several servants at 30th Street between 6th and Madison Ave in New York. If you're wondering why the census gives Lester's first name as John, it's because he used John Lester as a stage name.



    Find A Grave has memorials for Lester, Emily Mary Millais Wallack, and Florence. Other memorials may belong to Charles E. and Harold, but aren't identified as such.

    Another mystery?
    If the two boys in the stereograph are Charles and Harry and the woman is Emily, then where is Florence?

    In 1860 Harry was 5; Charles, 6; and Florence, 11. She's missing from this image. 

    The house in the stereo picture doesn't look like Manhattan to me. It's possible that the family had a country house or were posed someplace else.

    An 1860/61 date for the stereograph works. The boys appear to be about the right age. In 1861, the Wallacks were well-known for their theater businesses and acting talents. This stereo of a famous family would be a collectible image for your ancestors interested in celebrities of the period.

    Apply these techniques to your own mystery photos:
    • Start by identifying the photo format.
    • Generate a list of questions to be answered.
    • Research the people.
    • Estimate their ages at the time the image was taken.
    • Put it all together and tell the story of the people and the picture.


    Identify your old mystery family photos with these guides by Maureen A. Taylor:

  • Family Photo Detective: Learn How to Find Genealogy Clues in Old Photos and Solve Family Photo Mysteries
  • Fashionable Folks: Bonnets and Hats 1840-1900
  • Finding the Civil War in Your Family Album
  • Hairstyles 1840-1900
  • Photo-Organizing Practices
  • Preserving Your Family Photographs
  • Searching for Family History Photos: How to Get Them Now

  • Save
    1860s photos | children | photo-research tips | women
    Sunday, 21 May 2017 22:52:54 (GMT Daylight Time, UTC+01:00)  #  Comments [3]
    # Sunday, 14 May 2017
    Seeing Double: 5 Clues in an Old Stereograph Photo
    Posted by Diane

    I love the Library of Congress. I can lose myself for hours in its online historical photos collection doing random searches. Sometimes I even tackle one of their photo mysteries for fun.

    If there's one thing that gets my attention, it's when I see a photo with a partial caption. Like this photo, for instance: It's obviously posed for dramatic effect, but why? What's the real story here?

    When I see an interesting image, it's important to step back and study the clues. Remember, not all the details are in the image itself. Picture evidence is only one part of the process. 



    Library of Congress, stereo 1s05258

    Five clues stand out in this stereograph image of a well-dressed family seated on a porch:
    1. It's unusual to see a "family photo" stereograph. This format was popular for scenes and themed collections, like the Civil War. Stereos consist of two nearly identical images mounted next to each other. When viewed using a stereopticon viewer, the image appears 3-dimensional. The blur on the right side of this card on the seated man's face) may interfere with seeing it clearly.

    2. The Library of Congress has this dated to circa 1860 to 1864.

    3. The first stereo cards were published in 1854. Generally, yellow card stock wasn't available until the early 1860s. There were ivory cards, and it's possible the color of this paper has changed over the years.
       
    4. The catalog record suggests that the image was taken by George Stacy, who operated a studio from 1854 to 1861 in New York.   

    5. The record identifies the men in the image, but not the woman and children.
    Let's push the research envelope and see what else I can discover about the people in this picture. It should be possible to identify everyone in it.

    Do you have any stereo views in your family photo collection? They indicate a pastime enjoyed by an ancestor. Tell me about them in the comments below. 

    Stay tuned for next week.


    Identify your old mystery family photos with these guides by Maureen A. Taylor:

  • Family Photo Detective: Learn How to Find Genealogy Clues in Old Photos and Solve Family Photo Mysteries
  • Fashionable Folks: Bonnets and Hats 1840-1900
  • Finding the Civil War in Your Family Album
  • Hairstyles 1840-1900
  • Photo-Organizing Practices
  • Preserving Your Family Photographs
  • Searching for Family History Photos: How to Get Them Now

  • Save
    1860s photos | children | stereographs | women
    Sunday, 14 May 2017 21:56:36 (GMT Daylight Time, UTC+01:00)  #  Comments [5]
    # Sunday, 07 May 2017
    Stamp Boxes, Messages & More: Family Clues in Old Photo Postcards
    Posted by Maureen



    Old postcards among your collection of family letters and photos might contain a variety of clues worth exploring. From stamp boxes to postmarks and messages, there can be genealogical gold in the littlest things.

    I've written about real-photo postcards (RPPCs) in the past. These are family photos printed with a postcard back. An RPPC is an actual photo, not a chromolithograph print.

    Not all postcards were mailed. Printing on a postcard back was just another option when you visited the photo studio or had your snapshots printed.

    Do you have RPPCs in your family photo collection? If you're not sure, take a close look with a magnifying glass or loupe, or scan and zoom in. A chromolithograph print appears to made up of tiny dots; an RPPC does not.

    Here's where to look for information about RPPCs in past Photo Detective blog posts:
    • RPPCs debuted in 1900, but there were changes to the backs of these cards within a few years. Read Old Family Photos on Postcards to learn more about the history and formats for these cards.

    Postcards were popular both in the United States and overseas. Do you have one to share?  Email it to me here, following the instructions in our How To Submit Your Photo section.



    Identify your old mystery family photos with these guides by Maureen A. Taylor:

  • Family Photo Detective: Learn How to Find Genealogy Clues in Old Photos and Solve Family Photo Mysteries
  • Fashionable Folks: Bonnets and Hats 1840-1900
  • Finding the Civil War in Your Family Album
  • Hairstyles 1840-1900
  • Photo-Organizing Practices
  • Preserving Your Family Photographs
  • Searching for Family History Photos: How to Get Them Now

  • Save
    photo postcards | unusual photos
    Sunday, 07 May 2017 22:23:21 (GMT Daylight Time, UTC+01:00)  #  Comments [8]