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# Saturday, February 05, 2011
“Who Do You Think You Are?” Episode 1 Recap
Posted by Grace

Spoiler Alert: If you don't already know what happened during Vanessa Williams’ episode of “Who Do You Think You Are?” you are about to find out.

Actress Vanessa Williams’ ancestors’ lives make for an interesting episode of NBC’s “WDYTYA.” She traces her roots back to two of her great-great-grandfathers, exploring their remarkable lives.

Williams starts her research by visiting her father’s grave in Oyster Bay, NY. She jots down information she finds on the headstones of her father’s family, including that of David Carll, her great-great-grandfather and a member of the 26th New York Colored Infantry in the Civil War.

According to the 1870 census, Carll was a free mulatto married to a white woman named Louisa. Williams is absolutely amazed that her ancestors were an interracial couple in the post-Civil War era.

Her research then jumps to National Archives in Washington, DC, where Williams gets her hands on Carll’s Compiled Military Service Record. National Archives researcher Vonnie Zullo pulls out an original tintype from Carll’s CMSR, saying it's the only one she's come across in her 20-plus years at the depository.

From Carll’s pension record, Williams learns he was never a slave and that he worked as a crew member on steamships. Zullo then explains that he was taking a big risk enlisting in the Union Army, as the Confederacy would put a captured black Union soldiers in slavery.

Carll was deployed in Beaufort, S.C. Williams continues her search there, meeting with Hari Jones, curator of the African American Civil War Museum. They tour the site of the Battle of Bloody Bridge, where Williams is shocked to hear her great-great-grandfather’s regiment enforced the Emancipation Proclamation, liberating slaves in the South.

Williams then heads to Baltimore to visit her Uncle Earl, looking for more clues about her father’s side of her family. He directs her to Tennessee to pursue John Hill Williams, her great-grandfather.

In the 1910 census, Williams finds her great-grandfather’s wife’s name, Mary Williams. She then reads Mary’s obituary, which reveals her father’s name -- William A. Fields. The 1880 census indicates Fields was a “mulatto” schoolteacher.

Heading to Nashville Williams meets with Kathy Lauder, archivist at the Tennessee State Library and Archives. Lauder shows Williams a bust in state legislature building devoted to early African American legislators, and Williams is shocked to find Field’s name engraved on it.

Fields served in the Tennessee legislature from 1885 to 1886, drafting an education bill that would require all children age 7 to 16 to attend school. That bill, and bills similar to it, died in committee. Lauder also shows her Fields’ photo in the legislature composite and where he sat in the chamber.

Williams wonders how Fields could have been elected so soon after the Civil war. Lauder explains that slaves made up about 40 percent of the population of Tennessee; once they were freed, some districts had more black residents than white, and they elected black politicians.

“And here they come, right out of slavery, no one even believes they are human yet -- there are people who don’t think that they’re people.” Lauder said to Williams. “It was a spectacular thing to have black people in the legislature.”

Fields was one of the last black lawmakers in Tennessee, as white men composed the legislature from 1888 to 1965. Tennessee changed its constitution to make it more difficult for blacks to vote with poll taxes, literacy tests and residency requirements.

Through court records, Williams later discovers that Fields was born a slave. Williams finds Fields’ story to be similar to her father’s she breaks down in tears before traveling home to relay her new-found roots to her family.

"WDYTYA" airs Fridays at 8pm EST on NBC. Check the Genealogy Insider blog for a brief recap of each episode, and post a comment to be entered to win in our Discover Who You Are Sweepstakes!

"Who Do You Think You Are?"
Saturday, February 05, 2011 9:06:58 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)  #  Comments [8]
Saturday, February 05, 2011 12:56:35 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
I learned a lot of information about the TN government. Slaves made up about 40% of the population in TN once they were freed after the Civil War. Some districts had more blacks than whites so they elected black politicians. Also I learned that TN changed its constitution after more white men were elected to legislature from 1888 to 1965 and made it difficult for blacks to vote because of literacy problems (little or no education) and residential requirements (blacks moved around a lot to find jobs).
Saturday, February 05, 2011 8:56:28 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
This was a great episode. I really learned a lot. Great start to the season.
Shannon Norman
Sunday, February 06, 2011 8:05:17 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
I enjoyed watching Vanessa's search. I'm not sure how she was able to hold her composure as well as she did during the sequences dealing with slavery but I was impressed with the whole hour.
Tim Foss
Monday, February 07, 2011 1:21:53 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
I thought Vanessa's story was really interesting, and in terms of learning new search techniques I have a much clearer understanding about state and federal archives now. I'm hoping to go to DC to visit the National Archives soon.
Thursday, February 10, 2011 1:22:11 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
I was intrigued that her ancestor (Af-Amer) was in the Tennessee legislature before such representation was made illegal. It was great seeing Mr. Fields' name in the capitol. I would have thought there would be something about her Caucasian ancestors.
Dorothy
Thursday, February 10, 2011 1:42:06 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Vanessa was soooo lucky to have located pictures of her ancestors. What a find to have that tintype in the pension file!
Theresa
Thursday, February 10, 2011 2:53:21 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Civil War records are a great resource. We learned a lot about my wife's g-g-grandfather from his Civil War records. How fortunate for Vanessa and WDYTYA that the researcher found a tintype in Vanessa's g-g-grandfather's service records.
David Hibberd
Thursday, February 10, 2011 8:14:26 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
I loved this story. I was so impressed with the show. It really showed that even when we are not sure of the names of our ancestors there are several ways to find the names of our ancestors.
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