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Thursday, July 09, 2015
Johanns and Marias Everywhere! Naming Traditions German Genealogists Should Know
Posted by Diane
German Empire, 1892, David Rumsey Map Collection
Does your German family tree seem to be overloaded with Johanns and
Marias? I have Johann Henrichs, brothers
named Johannes Caspar and Johannes Franz Caspar, Maria
Catharinas, a Maria Teresia, Anna Marias and more.
Genealogy 201 Family Tree University course, developed by Family
Tree German Genealogy Guide author James M. Beidler,
explains why this is—and what it means for your German record
German children were given two names. Boys commonly were baptized
with the first name Johannes (or Johann, often abbreviated Joh).
German girls were baptized Maria, Anna or Anna Maria. This tradition
started in the Middle Ages.
So a family could have five boys with the
first name Johann. You can see the potential for confusion
until you understand that the first name doesn't mean a thing.
second name, known as the Rufname, along with the surname
is what would be used in marriage, tax, land and death records.
So in a family with boys Johann Friedrich, Johann Peter, Johann
Daniel, etc., the children would be called by (and recorded in
documents as as) Friedrich, Peter and Daniel. Usually, the name
Johannes in these records marked a "true John" who would continue to
be so identified.
By the 19th century, more Germans gave their children three names.
Again, typically only one of the middle names was used throughout
the person's life. Roman Catholics often used saints' names, while
most Protestant groups also included names from the Old Testament or
even nonChristian mythology.
A second naming tradition involves nicknames, often called Kurzformen.
In English, most nicknames are created by dropping the end of the
given name (Christoper becomes Chris). But Germans often shorten a
name by dropping the first part. Examples include:
Note that these familiar forms are used in church or other records,
even though by today's standards we might expect formal names to be
- Nicklaus >> Klaus
- Sebastian >> Bastian
- Christophel >> Stophel
- Christina >> Stin or Stina
- Katharina >> Trin
In German-speaking areas, children were almost always named for one
or more of their baptismal sponsors. The most common pattern would
be for sons to be named in this order:
The same pattern applies to daughters but using the mothers' names
(father's mother, mother's mother, etc.). Families would reuse given
names for children who died young. There are even documented
instances of families using the same name for two children who both
- first born, for father's father
- second born, mother's father
- third born, father of the child
- fourth born and on, uncles of the child
Genealogy 201 online course helps you tackle research in
records of Germany. The next session starts July 13. See
a course description and sign up at FamilyTreeUniversity.com.
Family Tree University | German roots | Research Tips
Thursday, July 09, 2015 9:59:10 AM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Friday, April 03, 2015
Free UK, German and Canadian Genealogy Records This Weekend on Ancestry International Sites
Posted by Diane
Several of Ancestry.com's
international sister sites are offering free genealogy records from
now through this weekend:
Scroll down to the bottom of each of the pages linked above to see a
list of records included in the free search, as well as when the site's free access period expires. Registration is required to view search
results (I was prompted to register right after I ran a search).
Ancestry.com | Canadian roots | German roots | UK and Irish roots
Friday, April 03, 2015 12:17:31 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Wednesday, April 01, 2015
Working on My Last-Name Problem: When Genealogy Records Disagree
Posted by Diane
I was doing a casual online search in the Northern
Kentucky Newspaper Index when the name "Kolbeck, Theresa
Seeger" jumped out and smacked me in the face. It was among a list
of deaths announced in the Feb. 23, 1937, Kentucky Post.
Recently, I learned
that a Teresa was the sister of my immigrant
great-great-grandfather Heinrich Arnold Seeger (spelled Seger
in Germany). Kolbeck is the maiden name of Heinrich's and Teresa's
mother, and it's the surname of seemingly every other person in
their birthplace of Steinfeld, Germany (at least according to the
church records I viewed at the Family History Library in
Could Theresa Seeger Kolbeck be Heinrich Arnold's sister, who married
a possible cousin and settled in the United States near her brother? Here's
what I've discovered so far in researching this question:
|1. Mary Theresa (Seeger) Kolbeck
||2. Maria Teresia Seger
|Feb. 18, 1849, Germany
||Feb. 15, 1849, Steinfeld, Germany
|Herman Henry Kolbeck (probably before date of immigration)
|1873 (probably May 16)
|Feb. 22, 1937
The death certificate for Theresa No. 1, which asks for parents'
names, should've helped clear it up. But the informant, Mrs. Ben
Schlarman (Theresa's daughter Mary, born about 1884), didn't know
The Last-Name Problem
But then something made me question whether Seeger is even Theresa's
correct maiden name:
This passage is from a profile of George Heuer, husband of Theresa's
daughter Elizabeth, in the biographical section of History
of Kentucky, vol. 3 (available on
Google Books). It says that Theresa's maiden and married names
were both Kolbeck. The writer takes care to point out that
Elizabeth's parents weren't related before marriage.
But Mrs. Virginia Eilers, the Heuers' daughter born in 1908 (and not mentioned in the above bio), believed that Seeger
was the right maiden name. That's the name she supplied on the 1946
death certificate of her mother and the 1947 death certificate of
her aunt, the aforementioned Mrs. Ben Schlarman:
What to Believe?
So which should I believe? The death certificates of Theresa's
daughters, for whom the informant was a granddaughter (who also might've provided the information for the death announcement indexed in the
database where I first found Theresa No. 1)?
A death record is a
primary source—created at the time of the event by a person who
witnessed it—but it's usually a secondary source for the deceased's
parents' names. The informant wouldn't have firsthand knowledge of
those names (unless a parent was the informant, such as on a child's
Or should I go with the biography in History of Kentucky,
by William Elsey Connelley and E. M. Coulter, Ph.D., edited by Judge
Charles Kerr, published in 1922 by the American Historical Society?
This is a secondary source, compiled well after the reported events
by those without firsthand knowledge.
Biographical collections are known for their potential for inaccuracy: Families
might exaggerate their relatives' accomplishments or provide
mistaken information, which could become further distorted in
editing. (Maybe Theresa read the published bio and said, "No, no, no! I said my mother's last name was the same as my husband's.")
I won't believe any of these records for now, and I'll keep looking for the parents of
Theresa No. 1 and the spouse and later life events of Teresa No. 2.
I should get the full death announcement from the Kentucky
Post, and rent the microfilm of Steinfeld's church records to
look for a marriage for Teresa No. 2. The Northern
Kentucky Genealogy Index lists the baptisms of several
children of Theresa and Herman Kolbeck, so I can go to the library
to view the church records on microfilm.
If you're trying to solve a genealogy question like this one, we'll
help you create a step-by-step research plan with our Road Map to
Your Roots guide.
Tree Problem Solver: Tried and True Tactics for Tracing Elusive
Ancestors is another great source of strategies and
examples for answering tough genealogy questions.
FamilySearch | Genealogy books | German roots | Research Tips
Wednesday, April 01, 2015 9:32:52 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Monday, March 16, 2015
"Who Do You Think You Are?": Josh Groban Explores His German Roots
Posted by Diane
This post is brought to us by guest blogger and our "Who Do You Think You Are?" special correspondent, Sunny Jane Morton:
Josh Groban didn’t
sing his way through last night’s episode of "Who
Do You Think You Are?" But the multiplatinum singer still
commanded center stage as he pursued the story of a distant
grandfather, eight generations back.
The story starts with a widow and her children arriving in
Pennsylvania in the late 1600s, according to the Passenger and
Immigration Lists Index. This resource, searchable
on Ancestry.com and in print at many large libraries, is
helpful for tracing early immigrants. The index transcribes
information from a variety of resources, such as emigration lists
and genealogical journals.
Groban followed the trail of the missing husband, his
eighth-great-grandfather, back to Germany. Here he discovered that
Johann Zimmermann was an educated Lutheran church deacon, astronomer
and singing instructor. It was easy to see how pleased Josh was to
hold a music textbook from which Johann would have taught.
Then Johann’s story turned sad. He observed Halley’s
Comet in the night sky, which he thought forecast doom for a
corrupt Lutheran church. He published this opinion under a
pseudonym, but was found out and got in big trouble with the church
court. He pleaded to keep his job, mentioning his "heavily pregnant"
wife in a letter to the duke. With each German document or book he
viewed, Groban also received a neatly typed English translation.
Desperate to hold onto his beliefs without causing his family more
suffering, he headed for Quaker Pennsylvania. He didn’t make it, but
they did. (Here's some behind-the-scenes, cutting-room-floor info on Johann's burial site in Rotterdam.)
In the episode, Groban took a whirlwind tour of German church and
university archives, where he paged through 17th-century books and
held documents written by his ancestor. He stood in the courtyard of
Johann’s university dormitory. He climbed to the belfry where Johann
may have stood to examine the night sky.
It was clear Groban wasn’t sure what to make of his ancestor’s
radical opinions. Many genealogists can relate to having ancestors
whose value systems differ markedly from our own. He didn’t try too
hard to judge the distant past by today’s standards. Instead, he
looked at other indicators of the man’s character, like his
willingness to sacrifice for his beliefs and his desire to take good
care of his family.
Until his "WDYTYA?" appearance, Groban had no idea he had German
roots—a heritage he shares with around 50 million Americans.
German-Americans played a major role in populating the United States
and constitute the largest
single ethnic group in the United States today.
If you're tracing German ancestors (and you aren’t a celebrity guest
on "WDYTYA?"), check our popular Family
Tree German Genealogy Guide by James M. Beidler. It has
advice on discovering where in Germany your immigrant ancestor came
from, as well as on researching in the records of Germany. Our
Genealogy Cheat Sheet is a handy quick reference, with a
German alphabet guide to help you read old records, a word list and
» Sunny Jane Morton
"Who Do You Think You Are?" | Ancestry.com | Celebrity Roots | German roots
Monday, March 16, 2015 9:18:05 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Friday, March 13, 2015
"Who Do You Think You Are?": Josh Groban Traces Ancestry in Germany
Posted by Diane
This Sunday's episode of "Who
Do You Think You Are?" features singer
Josh Groban and his genealogy search on his mother's side of
the family. That journey takes him to Germany and his
eighth-great-grandfather, a deacon and accomplished author on
astronomy, mathematics and science.
Here's a short peek at the episode:
Now I'm getting jealous—my dream trip is a visit to the little towns
in Germany where my ancestors came from. The episode airs this
Sunday, March 15, at 10/9 Central on TLC.
Also, don't forget to enter the Be
a "Who Do You Think You Are?" Star sweepstakes, with a prize
package that lets you discover your roots like a celebrity.
Celebrity Roots | German roots
Friday, March 13, 2015 8:41:31 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Wednesday, March 11, 2015
Bad News and Good News: Update on My German Genealogy Mystery
Posted by Diane
awhile back about plans to solve my German ancestral mystery
at the Family History Library.
the Ladenkotter family's place of origin, so I knew the right
church records to look for (more below about finding German immigrants' birthplaces with help from our upcoming Trace
Your German Immigrant Ancestors webinar).
Well, that search didn't pan out.
I found the German baptismal records
for brothers Joan Caspar Ladenkotter and Johannes Franz Caspar
they gave no clues as to which brother is my
fourth-great-grandfather, or any indication that the older Caspar
died as an infant (my sneaking suspicion).
On the other hand, my search for Seeger relatives went swimmingly.
Scrolling through unindexed church records on microfilm, I found the marriage
record for my third-great-grandfather Johann Henrich Seger and his
wife Maria Catharina Kolbeck, which also gives their parents'
In baptismal registers, I also found the names of three siblings to my great-great-grandfather
Heinrich Arnold Seeger. Only one, sister Maria Theresia, appears to have lived
beyond childhood. These registers were full of death dates, like so:
In the Ladenkotters' hometown, either everyone was exceedingly
healthy or noting deaths in baptismal records wasn't the practice.
Sprinkled throughout the records were surnames that matched my
ancestors', so I need to spend more time with the film to figure out
how and whether I'm related to all those folks.
I also noticed that the Seeger surname was consistently spelled
Seger in these German records. That could explain why Heinrich
spelled his name that way when he applied for a passport to return
to Germany in 1907, after having used Seeger in his other US records.
To find your German ancestors' church records, you need to know
where in Germany they're from. In our March 19 webinar, Trace
Your German Immigrant Ancestors, German research expert Michael D. Lacopo
will tell you about records that can reveal a German place of origin
(including lesser-known published resources), as well as the best
new German genealogy resources and websites.
Everyone who registers for the webinar will receive access to view it again
as often as they want. Find
out more today in ShopFamilyTree.com!
German roots | Webinars
Wednesday, March 11, 2015 9:43:26 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Tuesday, March 03, 2015
Tips for Using the Free David Rumsey Historical Maps Website
Posted by Diane
Old maps can help you locate an ancestor's hometown and bring it to
life. Comparing maps of a place published over time can help you see
changing borders and jurisdictions.
One of the historical map resources you can learn more about in our
Maps of Europe Premium Collection is the David Rumsey Map
Collection website, which I used recently to find maps of my
great-great-grandfather's birthplace: Steinfeld, Germany.
share a few tips that might make it easier for you to find maps of
your ancestral places:
Try to find out as much as you can about your ancestral hometown.
The names of the country, state, district, other geographical
divisions, and/or nearby towns are clues to help you find the right
place on a map. And a
county, district, or other towns might share the name of your ancestral town. Other Steinfelds in Germany are in the districts of Main-Spessart, Bavaria; Stendal,
Saxony-Anhalt; Schleswig-Flensburg, Schleswig-Holstein; and others. I want Steinfeld, Vechta, Lower Saxony (aka
Niedersachsen). It's near the city of Oldenburg, and
today it's often written as Steinfeld (Oldenburg).
Search for maps using the search box at top right. The
site search box located below that looks at web pages and blog articles, not
the maps collection.
Search not only for your ancestral town, but also for nearby towns
and other geographical divisions. Not every place named on a map is
part of the site's search: Searching for Steinfeld gets no
results. But searching for Vechta found this highly detailed
a legend here) that includes large-farm names, churches,
windmills, meadows and more:
Reichsamt fur Landesaufnahme, 1904
Lower Saxony found this:
Saxony, D. Lizars, Edinburgh, 1831
Oldenburg found this:
Deutschland, Justus Perthes, Gotha, 1821
Look for atlases. My Oldenburg search also brought
page from an 1859 atlas with a description of the Grand Duchy
of Oldenburg, which encompassed Steinfeld. It includes principle
occupations (agriculture, chiefly wheat, beans and hay),
religions (mostly Lutheran, with significant Catholic populations), and more.
266-267: Germany-Nassau, Oldenburg and Anhalt, JH Colton, New
There's a lot more you can do with these maps, including
georeference with a modern map so you can see an overlay, download
hi-res versions, order professional prints, and import into Google Earth.
Get tips for using
this and other online map resources, plus The Family Tree Historical
Maps Book: Europe and other map goodies in the Historical
Maps of Europe Premium Collection. Find
out more about it in ShopFamilyTree.com!
German roots | Maps | Research Tips
Tuesday, March 03, 2015 1:30:44 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Tuesday, January 20, 2015
Hoping to Solve a German Genealogy Mystery at the FHL During RootsTech/FGS
Posted by Diane
I have a couple of questions I want to answer while I'm at the RootsTech/Federation of Genealogical Societies
joint conference in Salt Lake City Feb. 12-14, and have access
to the Family
History Library (FHL) just down the road:
1. Which Caspar is it?
One of my fourth-great-grandfathers was Casparus Ladenkoetter
(or Ladenkotter, the spelling in most American records),
according to the birth record of his son Franciscus Josephus (he
went by Joseph), born July 1, 1814.
index to German baptismal and marriage records includes
Rheine, Germany, where they were from, and one afternoon I
mapped out a working tree on my kids' coloring paper with as many
Ladenkoetters as I could find in FamilySearch.org records. The
circled area is Joseph's branch:
Here's a close-up:
My problem is the German tendency to name siblings similarly. According to the records, Joan Caspar
Ladenkotter was born March 27, 1780, and his brother, Johannes
Franz Caspar Ladenkoetter, born March 7, 1781.
I don't know which one is the right guy to be Joseph's father (searching FamilySearch doesn't turn up a death record for either one). Maybe Caspar's microfilmed marriage record
gives his full name or birthdate, or maybe Joseph's or a sibling's baptismal
record gives the father's full name.
2. If I get that done ...
My second-great-grandfather Heinrich Arnold Seeger was born in
Steinfeld, Germany, Feb. 26, 1852. The FHL has microfilmed
church records from there, and I want to find Heinrich's
baptismal record, his parents' marriage record, and any siblings.
I have these jobs and the relevant microfilm numbers in my research log in Google Drive, which
I can access on my phone, and I'll print out the info just in
case. My research time will be tight, so I want to make sure I can
hit the ground running.
The FHL has extended
hours during the conference:
RootsTech/FGS exhibit hall hours are
- Tuesday through Friday, Feb. 10-14: 8 a.m. to 9 p.m.
- Saturday, Feb: 15: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
If you're going to RootsTech/FGS, stop by Family Tree Magazine's booth No. 1238 in the exhibit hall (feel free to ask if I found my Caspar).
- Thursday, February 12, 2015, 10:00 a.m.–6:00 p.m.
- Friday, February 13, 2015, 10:00 a.m.–7:00 p.m.
- Saturday, February 14, 2015, 10:00 a.m.–4:00 p.m.
Looking for German ancestors? Get the advice and resources you need in The Family Tree German Genealogy Guide.
Genealogy Events | German roots | RootsTech
Tuesday, January 20, 2015 1:36:33 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Friday, October 24, 2014
How to Find the New German Genealogy Civil Registration Records on Ancestry.com
Posted by Diane
Subscription genealogy site Ancestry.com
just added 31 new databases for researching German ancestors. The
11.7 million records cover civil registrations (government birth,
marriage and death records) for various places in Germany, dating
between 1874 and 1950. There's no single link to search just these
31 collections, so you could do a few things:
one database at a time is your best bet if you know it covers the area in Germany where your family lived. Go
to the card
catalog and use the filters on the left: Under Filter
by Collection, narrow the database list to Birth, Marriage and
Death Records; and under Filter by Location; narrow by
Europe, then by Germany.
Then at the top of the list, use the Sort By
dropdown menu to choose Date Added, and the new German databases
rise to the top of the list. Click a title to search that
- You also can view a list of all German birth, marriage and
death records by going to the Search
All Records page and scrolling down to Explore by
Location. Click the Europe tab, then click Germany. Under
Germany Birth, Marriage & Death, you'll see a few databses
listed; if you click the "View other" link at the end of that
short list, you'll see all the German birth, marriage and death
records. This list is arranged by record count, though, and you
can't sort it in other ways.
- If you want to search all the German civil registration
records at once, run a global search for your German ancestor
from the Ancestry.com Search
All Records page. (At the bottom of the search form, make
sure the box for Historical Records is checked.)
your results on the left: In the Collection dropdown menu,
choose Germany and click the green Update button. Next, under
the All Categories heading, choose Birth, Marriage & Death.
If you still have too many results, look at the top of your results
list, click the Categories tab and choose the database titles
that most relate to your search.
For more Ancestry.com search strategies, see our book Unofficial
Guide to Ancestry.com.
My third-great-grandfather Joseph Ladenkötter
was born in 1814 in Rheine, Steinfurt, Germany. Rheine is not among the areas covered with this records addition, but I thought I might find a relative who was born, married or died elsewhere.
I searched on the
surname Ladenk*tter (with the asterisk wildcard to pick up
both Ladenkotter and Ladenkoetter), and found a 1911 marriage
record for Auguste Gertrud Ladenkötter
(it looks like her birth surname was different, so she may
have been a widow) and Wilhelm
August Friedrich. The records are
in German, of course.
surname is pretty unusual, so I suspect that Auguste Gertrud was
married to one of my relatives before she married Wilhelm. (I see the record mentions Rheine.) My
next step is figuring out what the record says, which should
help me find out if my hunch is correct.
Are you researching Germans? Visit ShopFamilyTree.com to find out
more about our German
Genealogy Premium Collection. It contains six
terrific research tools, including the Family
Tree German Genealogy Guide and the German
Genealogy Cheat Sheet (which will be the first thing I get
out when I'm ready to start on the marriage record).
Ancestry.com | German roots | Research Tips
Friday, October 24, 2014 12:30:07 PM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Tuesday, September 30, 2014
Genealogists Celebrate German-American Heritage Month
Posted by Diane
In addition to being Family
History Month, October also is German American
Heritage Month—or at least the second half of it. The
commemoration actually runs Sept. 15 to October 15, roughly corresponding with
German is America’s largest ancestry group. According to the Census
50,000,000 Americans claim German ancestry.
Do you fit into that group? I certainly do. My Germans arrived in
the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky area mostly in the early to
mid-1800s. They were near the beginning of the era that saw the
largest influx of German immigrants, between 1820 and World War I,
when nearly 6 million of their countrymen immigrated to the United
The first significant groups of Germans arrived much earlier, in the
1670s, and they settled primarily in New York and Pennsylvania. A
wave of political refugees called the “Forty-Eighters”
arrived after 1848 revolutions in the German states.
Immigrants before 1850 were mostly farmers. After 1840, many headed
for cities and established "Germania," or German-speaking districts.
1872 map, part of the Perry-Castañeda Library Map
Collection, shows America’s German population from the 1870
census. Note the dark shading over the northeast and southwest
corners of Ohio, along Lake Michigan, and in New Jersey. By 1900,
the populations of Cincinnati, Cleveland, Milwaukee and Hoboken were
more than 40 percent German.
We can thank our German ancestors for the Christmas
tree, chicken fried steak (whose
origins are supposedly in wiener schnitzel), the hot
dog, “Here Comes the Bride” (composed in 1850 by Richard
Wagner) and of course, a variety of beers.
Are you interested in tracing your German ancestors, finding their
old records in the US and Germany, and discovering where they fit
into this history? Our German
Genealogy Premium Collection has the guides you’ll need:
more about the German Genealogy Premium Collection now in
- Our popular Family Tree German Genealogy Guide—signed by
author James M. Beidler
- A Genealogist’s Guide to Discovering Your German Ancestors
e-book, a classic by S. Chris Anderson and Ernest Thode
- Find Your German Roots Family Tree University Independent
Study Course download
- German Genealogy Cheat Sheet download
- German Genealogy Crash Course on-demand webinar
- 2015 German Genealogy Calendar
German roots | International Genealogy | ShopFamilyTree.com Sales
Tuesday, September 30, 2014 9:49:48 AM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Tuesday, March 25, 2014
What Does Your Last Name Mean? How to Find Out
Posted by Diane
Ancestral Names Value Pack made me curious about my family
surnames and whether things I heard growing up about
where a name is from or what it means are true. Here's how I checked
out a few of the names I'm researching:
- Haddad: My maiden name, inherited from my
great-grandparents who immigrated in 1900, is the Lebanese
equivalent to Smith. I Googled surname Haddad and one of
the results was this
- Seeger: I looked up this name, which comes from my
German ancestor H.A. Seeger, in the last name search on
Ancestry.com, which uses surname meanings and origins from
the Oxford Dictionary of American Family Names (a
reference you also might be able to find in a library). It also
maps where in the United States most people with that name
lived. The name is German and Dutch, "from the Germanic personal
This name, which belonged to my Irish third-great-grandfather
Edward Norris, is a place-based name for someone from the North
or who lived on the north side of a settlement. It also could be
a French occupational name for a nurse. According to the Irish
Times' mid-1800s surname distribution search, most
Norrises lived in County Waterford, with next-door Tipperary and
Kilkenny as runners-up. Family lore says Edward came from County
Cork, which also is on the list and borders Waterford.
- Frost: This surname, from my English
third-great-grandfather, gives me fits in online searches.
Besides all the weather reports, it's a pretty common name. It
helps to add place names, genealogy and -weather
or -winter to my searches. The name could be English,
German, Danish or Swedish, and it's based on a nickname for
someone "of an icy and unbending disposition or who had white
- Reuter: Google wants to show me Reuters news reports
if I forget quotation marks (as in "Reuter") when searching for
this name online. It's a German name, possibly for "someone who
lived in a clearing or an occupational name for a clearer of
- Ladenkotter/Ladenkoetter: Does anyone have ideas about
this German name? It's not in
the Oxford Dictionary of American Family Names or on
surname sites, and web searches turn up mostly my own posts. I
even tried typing the name into Google translate to
see if it means anything in German (it doesn't). On the plus
side, it's unusual, and just about any Ladenkoetter records
I find are for a relative. Update: If you have German roots, the comments about this name's origins (including one from A Genealogist's Guide to Discovering Your Germanic Ancestors coauthor Ernest Thode) are insightful. Thank you to Mr. Thode, K. Hewett and Fawn!
Here are seven
more surname research tips from FamilyTreeMagazine.com.
Ancestral Names Value Pack has resources for searching names,
understanding naming patterns, figuring out how surnames changed
over time, and discovering surname origins and meanings. Learn more
about it in ShopFamilyTree.com.
Ancestry.com | German roots | Research Tips
Tuesday, March 25, 2014 2:57:22 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Monday, March 17, 2014
Talking in German Genealogy, Digital Libraries & More in Our Free March Podcast
Posted by Diane
In the March
2014 free Family Tree Magazine podcast, host Lisa Louise Cooke talks
with German genealogy expert James M. Beidler about tracing
German-speaking ancestors. Jim shares tips from his new book, The
Family Tree German Genealogy Guide.
Podcast listeners also can tour of the Digital
Public Library of America (DPLA) website with DPLA executive
director Dan Cohen, and get tips on unpuzzling US county boundary
changes with Family Tree Magazine contributing editor David
Lisa also chats with Family Tree Magazine publisher Allison
Dolan and myself about solving genealogy research problems.
This Family Tree Magazine Podcast episode is sponsored by EpiGenealogy, a research
service for tracing family health history. Host Lisa Louise Cooke is
the founder of the Genealogy
Gems website and podcast.
You can listen in iTunes or on
Click here for show
notes, which include handy links to the websites mentioned.
↑ Grab this Headline Animator
Genealogy Web Sites | German roots | Research Tips
Monday, March 17, 2014 10:38:40 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Tuesday, February 25, 2014
11 Things I'm Looking Forward to in the Winter 2014 Virtual Genealogy Conference
Posted by Diane
2014 Virtual Genealogy Conference starts this Friday, Feb. 28,
and goes through Sunday. Now's the time to register if you haven't
In no particular order, here are 11 things I'm looking
forward to about this weekend:
- Watching 16 genealogy video classes on the laptop when it's convenient,
which for me means during naptime (my kids', not mine) or after
bedtime. Or downloading classes to watch later.
They cover ethnic research, records (including land, tax and
occupational records), strategies, online genealogy and more.
- Sneaking downstairs to go to live
chats with genealogy experts. Six are scheduled on topics
from translation tools to forensic genealogy, and I'll be able
to download transcripts for any I miss.
- The Find Your German Town of Origin class with James
M. Beidler: I've found
hometowns for some of my German ancestors, but a bunch
more still have "Germany" or "Prussia" as a birthplace. I'm
hoping to learn new strategies from the author of The
Family Tree German Genealogy Guide.
- The conference Message Boards, where people share
surnames, ancestor stories, research questions, favorite
websites and resources, family recipes and embarassing library
- The Female Ancestors and the Law chat with Judy G.
Russell of the
Legal Genealogist blog: Half of me wants to learn about
the legal hooey my female ancestors put up with, and the other
half doesn't want to know. But I'll go with the first
half, because those laws determined what kinds of records were
created about women.
- Rick Crume's No Index? No Problem: Tricks for Browsing
FamilySearch.org Records class: I'm eager to get my paws
on the records FamilySearch puts online even before you can
search them by name. Browsing these unindexed records is
time-consuming (I'm looking at you, Ohio,
Hamilton County Records, 1791-1994), so I need these tricks.
- The Mobile Genealogy Apps and Hacks chat with Kerry
Scott: Kerry is a riot (check out her Clue Wagon blog), so this
will be informative and fun.
- The Pain-Free Family History Writing Projects
class with Family Tree Magazine contributing editor
Sunny Jane Morton: Gathering my family history research into a
book is a long-term goal, and I'd love to learn about
small steps that can get me on the path.
- The Brick Wall Busters: Solve Your Stumpers chat with
Family Tree Magazine contributing editor Lisa A. Alzo:
It's a chance to ask questions and get input from Lisa and others in the group. There are always pretty smart cookies at the Virtual Conference, and someone might have dealt with a similar problem to yours.
- Not packing a bag, getting on a plane, having sore feet at the
end of the day, or missing my family.
- Doing all of the above wearing my sweats.
the link to the Winter 2014 Virtual Genealogy Conference program—just
click the blue Register button on that page to sign up.
FamilySearch | Genealogy Events | Genealogy Web Sites | German roots | Social History
Tuesday, February 25, 2014 3:47:37 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Wednesday, January 08, 2014
Four Ways I've Found German Ancestors' Birthplaces
Posted by Diane
Finding a birth place for your ancestors from Europe is the
genealogical Holy Grail, because it opens up the possibility of
finding overseas records, particularly church records.
For German ancestors, our German
Genealogy Crash Course webinar next Thursday, Jan. 16, has
information about resources that can help you trace your roots back
to Germany. It also gives attendees a chance to ask questions of
presenter James M. Beidler.
In case any of you are ready to throw in the towel on finding your ancestor's place of birth, I wanted to share the places I
found birthplace information (unexpectedly, in a couple of
- My fourth-great-grandfather Edward Thoss was a founding member
of the Covington (Ky.) German Pioneer Society, which I was
surprised to discover on
the Kenton County Public Library website through a Google search. The overview
there gives his birthplace as
Langenweisendorf, Schleiz. The library has a 25th anniversary
book, published in 1902, which lists "Langenweizendorf
I believe this should be Langenwetzendorf.
- My third-great-grandfather Joseph Ladenkotter immigrated in
1836 from Rheine, in the district of Steinfurt. I discovered this from the Passenger and Immigration
Lists Index, 1500s-1900s (it's in print at many
libraries, or search
it on Ancestry.com), which in turn led me to a list of
emigrants called Auswanderungen aus dem Kreis Steinfurt
(Emigration From the County Steinfurt) by Freidrich Ernst
Hunsche. I searched WorldCat
and found this publication at the Allen County
Public Library, so I ordered copies
through the Genealogy Center 's Quick Search service.
- The obituary of my third-great-grandmother (Joseph's wife)
Anna Maria Weyer, printed in the German-language Cincinnati
Volksfreund newspaper, gave her birthplace in Schapen. (The alphabet chart in our German
Genealogy Cheat Sheet helped me read it.)
For a couple of other families, I've had luck by finding people I'm
related to and contacting them about their research. Here's a map of
birthplaces I've found so far. That cluster in northwest Germany is my Cincinnati ancestors; Edward Thoss is the one in the bottom right corner.
- My great-great-grandfather H.A. Seeger was born in Steinfeld, as noted in his 1907 passport application, which I
Ancestry.com. I had no idea he ever traveled overseas, so
this was a thrilling find.
Besides the German Genealogy Crash Course webinar, we also have a
couple of seats left in Family Tree University's German
Genealogy 101 online course. It's starting this week, though,
so you should register ASAP.
Family Tree University | German roots | Webinars
Wednesday, January 08, 2014 2:04:56 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Wednesday, October 02, 2013
The Family Tree Guidebook to Europe: Genealogy How-to for 13 Countries and Regions
Posted by Diane
As you might guess, I enjoy asking people I've just met where their
ancestors are from. Here in Cincinnati, the answer often involves
Germany, so then I ask about their surnames to see if we have anyone in
common. (Then I wrap it up before people start thinking I'm
Every once in awhile, someone will answer my ancestor inquiry with, "Oh, I'm a mutt" and rattle
off a bunch of ancestral homelands.
Well, this is for all you genealogy mutts: The
Family Tree Guidebook to Europe: Your Essential Guide to Trace
Your Genealogy in Europe.
collects genealogy research guides to 13 countries or regions of
Europe, plus European Jewish ancestors. You'll learn
It's a good way to get expert instructions for researching ancestors
across Europe in one economical package. The
Family Tree Guidebook to Europe is available now in
ShopFamilyTree.com (where you'll see the list of countries covered).
- what records are available and where they're kept
- which records you can get from here in the US using the web, microfilm, books and other sources
- how to get records from overseas
- how to deal with language barriers and boundary changes
- what websites, books, organizations and archives can help in
You also can get The Family Tree Guidebook to Europe as an ebook.
Genealogy books | German roots | International Genealogy | Italian roots | Jewish roots | UK and Irish roots
Wednesday, October 02, 2013 2:43:52 PM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Friday, September 27, 2013
Why We Celebrate Oktoberfest in September
Posted by Diane
It's a question that burns inside my brain this time every year:
Why is Oktoberfest celebrated in September?
Here in "Zinzinnati,"
where German roots run deep, we've already had our Oktoberfest. Our
neighbors across the river in Kentucky have one this weekend. In
Munich, Germany, home of the first and largest Oktoberfest, the two-week
party wraps up the first weekend in October.
The first Oktoberfest celebrated the wedding
of Crown Prince Ludwig (later King Ludwig I) and Princess Therese
of Saxe-Hildburghausen on Oct. 12, 1810.
So why September? I finally decided to look it up. In turns out the informal roots of Oktoberfest started back in
the 15th century, with beer, according to the German Beer Institute.
The brewing season in Bavaria ran from October to March. Beer brewed
during the hot season tasted bad, so in late winter, brewers would work
extra hard to make enough beer to last all summer. The high alcohol
content and storage in casks in cool cellars and caves would
preserve it. (You can get all the technical details on the German Beer
After the summer's grain was harvested, brewers needed to empty
those casks to make room for the October start of the brewing season. People were happy to
In 1810, by the date the royal wedding made Oktoberfest
official, there wasn't much beer left. Horse racing was the main
event there, and Prince Ludwig repeated the races every year on his
anniversary. Over the years, the festival was extended and combined
with finishing off the March beers, evolving into today's
party attended by millions around the world.
Proud of your German heritage? Learn more about those roots with our
Your German Genealogy Value Pack, on sale for more than 20
percent off in
German roots | Social History
Friday, September 27, 2013 10:06:59 AM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Wednesday, August 07, 2013
Chelsea Handler on "Who Do You Think You Are?": Tracing German Roots
Posted by Diane
From the beginning of last night's "Who Do You Think You Are?," Chelsea
Handler knew her mother's father had been a German soldier in
WWII. She just wanted to know the extent of his involvement. Her
Jewish heritage through her father's family heightened her
you missed the episode, you can watch it on the TLC website.
Leistungsbuch ("performance book") mentioned in yesterday's
post and seen here:
wasn't a military service record after all. Rather, it was a record
of the grandfather's scores in the Nazi party's Sports Badge Program, part of the
mandatory labor service program and a way to provide military-style
training without violating the Treaty of
A few things I liked about this episode:
Foreign archives and languages makes the
research in this episode more difficult for the average
person than Kelly Clarkson's Civil War research or Christina
Applegate's 20th-century research in New Jersey.
- It shows the importance of learning the historical context in
which your ancestors lived. Knowing about post-WWI life in Germany helped Handler understand why many Germans supported
Adolf Hitler when he first came to power. Finding out about her
grandfather's experience in the Camp Algona (Iowa) POW
camp revealed his likely motivation for later moving his family
- It showed a side of WWII history—the lives of ordinary Germans
during that era—that I didn't know much about.
- The WWII historian who met Handler on the beach, and who was there serving in the Army the day her grandfather was captured. I bet he could tell some stories!
But if your German ancestors, like mine, immigrated to America in the 1800s, church records will be your main source of information in Germany. Chances are you can find German church records yourself. I know this because the October/November 2013 Family Tree Magazine will have Rick Crume's step-by-step guide to German church records. I'll let you know when it's available.
Because so many Americans have German ancestry, we
have a number of German
genealogy guides in ShopFamilyTree.com:
"Who Do You Think You Are?" | Celebrity Roots | German roots | Research Tips
Wednesday, August 07, 2013 11:29:12 AM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Tuesday, August 06, 2013
Tonight on "Who Do You Think You Are?": Chelsea Handler's Roots in Nazi Germany
Posted by Diane
This evening's "Who Do
You Think You Are?" promises to reveal more disturbing family
news from the not-too-distant past (we blogged last week about the
troubled life of Christina Applegate's grandmother).
This teaser for tonight's episode gives you a glimpse of actress and
talk show host Chelsea Handler's quest for information about
her German grandparents' involvement with the Nazi regime:
The booklet you see in the clip is titled Leistungsbuch, which
translates to "performance book." Possibly a German military record?
I guess we'll find out tonight.
Watch this season's "Who Do You Think You Are?" at 9/8 central on
TLC. (And if you have other plans or don't have cable, TLC has been
putting full episodes on the
show's website the next day.)
"Who Do You Think You Are?" | Celebrity Roots | German roots
Tuesday, August 06, 2013 11:47:50 AM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Friday, April 05, 2013
Genealogy News Corral, April 1-5
Posted by Diane
- FamilySearch has added 23.9 million indexed records and images to the free FamilySearch.org, with new browsable image collections from Belgium, Brazil, Colombia, England, Italy, Mexico and the United States. Notable collection updates include the 19.2 million document images from the new collection United Kingdom, WWI Service Records 1914-1920; 2 million index records from the collection US WWI Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918; and almost the 931,000 index records from the collection US New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1925-1942. Search or browse these databases from the chart here.
- In case you missed it (and were wondering), Irish genealogy research company Eneclann has researched Tom Cruise’s roots.
The actor's real last name is Mapother, but Cruise actually is a family
name. His great-grandfather, born in 1876 to Mary Pauline Russell
Cruise and her second husband Thomas O’Mara, took the surname of his
half-siblings and thus became Thomas Cruise Mapother I. Read more and download a copy of the family tree here.
Celebrity Roots | FamilySearch | Genealogy societies | Genetic Genealogy | German roots | Military records | UK and Irish roots
Friday, April 05, 2013 1:44:27 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Wednesday, February 27, 2013
Learn How to Interpret German Genealogy Records
Posted by Diane
You're looking for genealogy records of your ancestors in Germany,
and perhaps you've even found some. They might look like this:
And it makes you understand why everyone talks about how hard it is to
understand German records: Not only are you dealing with an
unfamiliar language, but the script makes the words difficult to
Most German Catholic church records are in Latin; Evangelical
(Lutheran) records may be in Latin or German. Records as late as the 1930s are usually
written in the old German Gothic script.
But there are tricks you can use to figure out what these church
records say about your German ancestors.
Our March 14 webinar,
Interpreting German Records, will teach you how to work with German
genealogy records, from basic translation to decoding hard-to-read
handwriting and typeface. German genealogy expert James M. Beidler will
The Interpreting German Records webinar takes place Thursday, March 14, at 7 p.m. Eastern Time
(that's 6 p.m. Central, 5 p.m. Mountain and 4 p.m. Pacific). You'll
save $10 on your registration if you sign up before March 7!
- tricks for reading German script and type
- resources for building your vocabulary of German terms and
- a methodology for solving the quirks of the printed
strategies for transcribing and translating the handwritten
German cursive script
Family Tree University | German roots | Webinars
Wednesday, February 27, 2013 10:23:54 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Wednesday, January 02, 2013
What's in a Name?
Posted by Beth
Bonne année, Gutes Neues Jahr, Xin nian yu kuai, Feliz Año
Nuevo and Kali hronia … Whether you say it in French, German, Mandarin, Spanish or Greek, they all translate to "Happy New Year!" Hope yours is off to a great start!
Speaking of languages, genealogists understand and appreciate the value of names and all the family history information that they can provide. Naming patterns and traditions; spellings; pronunciations; and meanings can impact your search for ancestors from a given locale.
To provide added insight to your ancestral search, we've created 15 PDF downloadable reference guides featuring first names from around the world. Each comprehensive guide is presented in dictionary-style format, making it easy to search for names, spellings and their meanings. For example, A Genealogist's Guide to British Names reveals that the name Harry means "ruler of an estate." Rather prophetic for Prince Harry!
Get more information from your genealogical research this year with a better understanding of your ancestral names!
A Genealogist's Guide to Ethnic Given Names
A Genealogist's Guide to African Names
A Genealogist's Guide to British Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Chinese Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Eastern European Names
A Genealogist's Guide to French Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Gaelic Names
A Genealogist's Guide to German Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Greek Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Hawaiian Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Indian Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Irish Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Italian Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Japanese Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Jewish Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Native American Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Russian Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Scandinavian Names
A Genealogist's Guide to Spanish Names
African-American roots | American Indian roots | Asian roots | Celebrating your heritage | French Canadian roots | German roots | Hispanic Roots | Italian roots | Jewish roots | ShopFamilyTree.com Sales | UK and Irish roots
Wednesday, January 02, 2013 12:04:21 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Monday, November 12, 2012
Document the Lives of Your Military Ancestors
Posted by Beth
Celebrate your ancestors who served in the military or lived through
historical conflicts by exploring and documenting their lives. With the Military Research Value Pack, you'll get easy-to-use tools that will guide you through:
You'll find that many types of military documents—from service to pension to land records—can reveal important information about your family tree, including soldiers' widows and children. Even ancestors who didn't serve might have left behind draft records.
- What records to look for—military or otherwise—and how to locate them
- How to find and mine online records
- Research tips and guidance for tracing ancestors' involvement in specific US wars and conflicts
And, a reminder:
There's still time to register for one (or more) of the 16 Family Tree University courses that begin today, including:
Use code FTU1112 and save 20 percent!
Editor's Pick | German roots | Military records | UK and Irish roots
Monday, November 12, 2012 10:26:09 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Friday, August 31, 2012
Prepare for German Place Names
Posted by Tyler
German heritage has been the #1 most claimed ancestry in the US, so we here at Family Tree University have done our best to accommodate our Deutsch friends. In this guest post, Presenter Jim Beidler breaks down his session on German place names at Fall 2012 Virtual Genealogy Conference:
Probably the No. 1 goal of most genealogists is tracking one or more immigrant ancestors all the way to an Old World hometown, and the many folks of German descent are no different. Unfortunately, problems of history, phonetics and duplicated names often get in the way of that quest.
“Mastering German Place Names” is designed to combat these problems. I am a seasoned researcher that has been sleuthing for the Heimats of his almost entirely German-speaking ancestry for more than a quarter century, and will present my top tips in this Virtual Conference course.
Learn more about the Fall Virtual Conference.
Family Tree University | Genealogy Events | German roots
Friday, August 31, 2012 11:31:28 AM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Tuesday, June 19, 2012
Get Expert Advice for Researching German Genealogy
Posted by Diane
People claiming German ancestry still outnumber any other heritage
group in the United States—which is why we're offering a new German
Genealogy Value Pack that'll help you trace your German roots
in the United States and in your ancestral homeland.
This Value Pack is full of practical advice for overcoming the
challenges of tracing your German ancestors.
Genealogy Value Pack includes:
Find Your German Roots
Independent Study Course download, with four lessons to
use genealogical records and more to determine who your German
ancestors were and from where in Germany they came.
Genealogist's Guide to Discovering Your Germanic Ancestors
e-book download by Chris Anderson and Ernest Thode, with expert
instruction on researching German ancestors.
- Tracing German Ancestry in
Eastern Europe download, with guidance on tracing the
German ancestors from Slovakia, Romania, Russia and other places
beyond Deutschland's borders.
Plus, you'll get a
coupon for 25 percent off coupon
for our Family Tree University course German
Genealogy 201: Strategies and Skillbuilding.
- Genealogy Cheat Sheet
download, a quick reference designed to deliver the information
you need to understand the records of your German ancestors
Best of all, this collection of German genealogy guidance is on
sale for $49.99—64 percent off the price of buying each item
more about the German Genealogy Value Pack in ShopFamilyTree.com.
Editor's Pick | German roots | ShopFamilyTree.com Sales
Tuesday, June 19, 2012 4:37:11 PM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Monday, April 30, 2012
"Who Do You Think You Are?": Rob Lowe and His Revolutionary War Ancestor
Posted by Diane
In Friday's "Who Do You Think You Are?" actor Rob Lowe learned about his Revolutionary War-era ancestor.
FindMyPast.com's Josh Taylor helped Lowe find him in the Daughters of the American Revolution Genealogical Research System, which lets you search online for a Revolutionary-era ancestor on which a DAR member's application is based, or for people named in the lineages in DAR applications.
(You can download our tutorial on searching the DAR database on sale for just $1.59 from ShopFamilyTree.com.)
But something was wrong: The application had been "closed" because it was discovered that Lowe's ancestor John Christopher East had been mixed up with a similarly named soldier.
Previews hinted at a twist in this episode. It came when a historian showed Lowe his ancestor on a list of prisoners who'd been part of Rohl's Regiment. A sparkle in the historian's eye hinted that he knew something, but only when he showed Lowe George Washington's personal papers did Lowe realize Rohl was a commander of German Hessian troops.
East (listed under his German name, Oeste Cristophe) was among the troops Gen. Washington defeated in the Battle of Trenton, when his soldiers crossed the Delaware River to surprise the Hessians at Christmas.
I remember learning in grade school about these 30,000 men the British hired to fight the Americans, and we kids thought that was pretty bad.
But Lowe's research revealed Cristophe as a sympathetic figure: Among the youngest of eight children, he wouldn't have inherited land or even had the means to marry in Germany. He took a risk in leaving for America at age 22—then staying (as about 15 percent of the Hessians did) after his release from prison.
This story has a happy ending. Taylor's researchers found Christophe on a list of Americans who paid a tax levied to raise money for the war. Lowe is descended from a Patriot after all and he was invited to apply for the Sons of the American Revolution lineage society.
"Who Do You Think You Are?" | Celebrity Roots | Genealogy societies | German roots | Social History
Monday, April 30, 2012 9:03:33 AM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Wednesday, October 26, 2011
Happy Triple Heritage Month: German, Italian & Polish Genealogy Resources
Posted by Diane
Did you know October is German American Heritage Month, Italian American Heritage Month and Polish American Heritage Month?
That’s right. The month is almost over (that was fast!), but we can’t let it go by without sharing resources to help you trace these heritages. Here are some of our favorite online articles, sites and resources:
People with German heritage make up the largest ancestry group in the United States, according to the 2000 US census. I'm part of this statistic, at one-half German.
Those with Italian heritage make up the seventh largest ancestry group in the United States, with 15.6 million Americans claiming Italian roots in the 2000 US census.
Hispanic Heritage Month (celebrating the ancestry of another big US heritage group) spanned part of this month, too, ending Oct. 15. You can see Hispanic heritage tips and resources in this blog post.
If you have Polish ancestors, you share heritage with 9 million Americans and are part of the country's eighth largest ancestry group.
Family Tree University | Free Databases | German roots | Hispanic Roots | International Genealogy
Wednesday, October 26, 2011 2:40:33 PM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Friday, July 22, 2011
Genealogy News Corral, July 18-22
Posted by Diane
I'm back at it after a short vacation (which involved my first visit to a Civil War battlefield—I'll show and tell next week) to post this week's news roundup. Here goes:
- The new Black Sea German Research site is for those tracing families who migrated from Germany, Alsace, Poland or Hungary to the Black Sea region of South Russia (now Ukraine) in the early 1800s. Search a database of names, upload your GEDCOM and share historical information at this free, volunteer-run site.
- NBC is re-running “Who Do You Think You Are?” season 2 episodes Saturday nights this summer. Check your local listings if you missed an episode or want to watch your favorite again.
Canadian roots | Celebrity Roots | German roots | Photos | UK and Irish roots
Friday, July 22, 2011 2:14:46 PM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Wednesday, July 13, 2011
If You Were a Pie Chart …
Posted by Diane
While working on an article on ethnic heritage and genealogical societies (look for it in the forthcoming November 2011 Family Tree Magazine) I was inspired to figure out what, exactly, Leo is, heritage-wise.
And by “exactly,” I mean “theoretically,” because:
- you never know what proportion of genes you ended up with from each ancestor after the DNA-combining process
- geopolitical developments and population shifts can mean ancestors' ethnicity is different from the country whence they came (Your ancestor from Russia would actually be German, for example, if he was one of the many “Volga Germans” who settled in Russia’s Volga River valley.)
- nonpaternity events, such as adoption and children fathered—unbeknownst to you—by someone other than the person named in records
- a lack of documentation or incorrect documentation about an ancestor's origins
- all those ancestors yet to be discovered (unless you’ve found ‘em all)
With that caveat, figuring out Leo’s theoretical heritage combo involves first determining Mom’s and Dad’s percentages. Three of my husband's grandparents came from Germany and one from Hungary, so we'll estimate him at 75 percent German and 25 percent Hungarian. I'll go back to my great-grandparents’ origins: I’m half German, a quarter Lebanese (the source for my last name), and one-eighth each English and Irish.
I just divided each of our percentages, added up the common German heritage, and came up with these numbers for Leo (I generated the pie chart online using Kids Zone):
He’s pretty typical as far as American ancestry: In the 2000 census, German was the heritage most often claimed by Americans and by his fellow Cincinnatians. He also shares in the second- and fourth-most-commonly reported ancestries: Irish and English, respectively.
Download the Census Bureau’s Ancestry: 2000 report as a PDF here.
What's your theoretical heritage combo?
Update: Apparently you can order a t-shirt boasting your ancestry pie chart from MeonaTee.com. Great idea! (Thanks to Megan Smolenyak for mentioning.)
Celebrating your heritage | Family Tree Magazine articles | Genealogy fun | German roots
Wednesday, July 13, 2011 9:44:05 AM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)
Monday, February 14, 2011
"Who Do You Think You Are?" Episode 2 Recap
Posted by jamie
Spoiler Alert: If you don't already know what happened during Tim McGraw's episode of “Who Do You Think You Are?” you are about to find out.
Country singer Tim McGraw, after looking at his birth certificate as a teenager, discovered the man he thought was his father was not his biological father. His birth certificate named baseball star Tug McGraw as his father, who he then forged a relationship with as an adult. Tug passed on without revealing much about the McGraw family tree, so Tim explored the paternal line of his ancestry on "Who Do You Think You Are?"
After gathering a few clues from his uncle, McGraw travels to Kansas City, Mo., to find out more about his great-grandparents Andrew and Ellie Mae McGraw. He views Ellie's death certificate and discovered she was a member of the Chrisman family, who settled that area of Missouri.
This led him to Virginia, researching sixth-great-grandfather Isaac Chrisman. Using surveying records and historical maps, McGraw discovers Chrisman lived on the boarder of Indian territory in colonial Virginia. Through a report made by a militiaman, McGraw discovers Chrisman was attacked by Indians and died.
Issac Chrisman's grandfather is Jost Hite, a German immigrant. He traveled to the colonies as an indentured servant with the Pressler family — ancestors of Elvis Presley. Hite quickly worked his way out of servitude and was awarded a massive land grant in Virginia. McGraw views Hite's deeds, and heads to the beautiful Shenandoah Valley to see his land.
The Hite trail then leads McGraw to the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. There an archivist shows him George Washington's teenage journal, which indicates Washington lodged at the Hite family home. McGraw also reads a letter written by Washington to his ne'er-do-well neighbor, in which he praises the Hites as a prime example of how one should live his life.
While McGraw had professional researchers to help him navigate land plats and Virginia records, our Family Tree University Land Records 101 course and our Virginia research guides to help you find your ancestors on your own.
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"Who Do You Think You Are?" | German roots | Land records
Monday, February 14, 2011 10:07:35 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)
Monday, September 20, 2010
Exploring German Roots
Posted by Diane
Here in Family Tree Magazine’s hometown of Cincinnati, where the population in 1900 was 60 percent German-Americans and a downtown neighborhood is called Over the Rhine, Oktoberfest is a pretty big deal.
The oldest and biggest Oktoberfest, of course, starts in late September in Munich, Germany—which is celebrating its 200th Oktoberfest this year.
Oct. 12, 1810, Crown Prince Ludwig (later King Ludwig I) and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen held a grand horse race in Munich to celebrate their wedding five days earlier. The successful event was held again the next year and the next, and Germans—who continue to claim the largest ancestor group in US censuses—brought the celebration to the United States.
Cincinnati’s Oktoberfest includes the Chicken Dance and plenty of goetta, aka “Cincinnati Caviar.” Supposedly, ours is the largest celebration in the United States. Other Oktoberfests take place across the country in towns such as La Crosse, Wis.; Fredericksburg, Texas; and Tulsa, Okla.
Here’s our article about how a fellow Cincinnati genealogist unpuzzled surname variations to discover his German roots.
Our German Heritage Toolkit has helpful articles for you to explore your own German roots, including
... and more. For extra assistance, you can download our research guide to German ancestors, available from ShopFamilyTree.com or look into our Find Your German Roots Family Tree University course.
Family Tree Magazine Plus members with German roots can check out our online research guides to Prussian and Bavarian ancestors, and to Germanic ancestors who lived outside of German borders.
German roots | International Genealogy | Research Tips
Monday, September 20, 2010 2:54:22 PM (Eastern Daylight Time, UTC-04:00)