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# Monday, March 23, 2015
8 Simple Tips for Genealogy Source Citations
Posted by Diane

Citing sources of genealogy information can be a confusing process: How do you know what information to cite, what details to include in the citation, and where to keep all your citations so they'll stay paired with the fact you're citing and the record where you found that fact?

So during Family Tree University's Virtual Conference a couple of weekends ago, I was looking forward to the Source Citations Made Easy live chat. It did not disappoint. Moderator Shannon Combs-Bennett and our participants shared source citation tips I found especially helpful—so I wanted to pass them on to with you.
  • Cite any piece of information or fact you use in your research, whether it's in the form of a family tree, story, book, etc. Each name, date, place and relationship should be labeled with where you learned that information.
  • Several participants fessed up to gathering source details about a newly discovered record, then crafting a citation later, when time allows. Here's one way to speed up the citation-writing process: Make a list of sources you use most frequently, such as a particular microfilm or online record collection. Take a piece of information (such as an ancestor's birthdate) you found in each source and write a citation for it. Copy these citations into a document to use as templates for your future research. Our Genealogy Source Citation Cheat Sheet has a bunch of ready-made templates you can use.
  • You can link your citation to the accompanying record in several ways. Many of our chat participants use more than one of these methods:
    • the source citation system of your genealogy software and/or online family tree (look for the May/June 2015 Family Tree Magazine, which will include a helpful article with steps for citing sources in genealogy software)
    • a sources or research log spreadsheet (you can include a column for a link to the document image file on your computer)
    • in your online tree, in the image notes when you attach a document image to a person
    • in Evernote (upload the image file as a note, and add the citation in the note text)
    • on the document itself. If it's a digital image, you could use photo-editing software, the "Add a text box" feature in Adobe Reader (for a PDF), or an app for adding text to photos (here's a list of apps for adding text to photos, though haven't tried them)
  • You can note the reliability and provenance of a source when you create a citation in your genealogy software, and/or set up a column for this in your source citations spreadsheet. In a family history narrative, when you cite information, the citation can include a description of the source and its provenance.
  • It's fine to start with the citations automatically provided on many genealogical websites, but check that they contain all the necessary information about the source. If one website obtained its index or digitized record images created by another website, your citation will reflect that.
  • In addition to Evidence Explained, gather these resources for using and citing genealogy sources:
    • Genealogy Standards, 50th Anniversary Edition, by the Board for Certification of Genealogists (Turner Publishing)
    • Mastering Genealogical Proof by Thomas W Jones (National Genealogical Society)
    • "General Information Leaflet 17: Citing Records in the National Archives of the United States" by the National Archives and Records Administration (download from here)

  • If you haven't been great about citing sources, start now. Make a goal to review your earlier research a little at a time, creating citations as you go. The more you work with genealogy source citations, the more natural it becomes.


Research Tips
Monday, March 23, 2015 1:28:20 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)  #  Comments [0]
"Who Do You Think You Are?" Angie Harmon Traces American Revolution Roots
Posted by Diane



Follow along as "Who Do You Think You Are?" correspondent Sunny Jane Morton recaps last night's episode, featuring actor Angie Harmon's hunt for her Revolutionary roots.

Last night’s "Who Do You Think You Are?" is the first show this season to stay in the United States. But I didn’t miss the exotic eye-candy of foreign vistas. I loved the quintessentially American tale that led into a little-known and surprising episode in US military history.
 
Celebrity guest Angie Harmon explored the story of her fifth-great grandfather, German immigrant Michael Harmon. She was surprised to learn how he got to come to America in 1772: as an indentured servant whose labor was sold to the highest bidder to pay off his passage. He finished out his term of service as an enlisted man in the 4th Pennsylvania regiment. Along with thousands of fellow troops, he suffered through winter quarters at Valley Forge under Gen. George Washington’s command.
 
The actor was feeling pretty proud of her ancestor until she learned that his regiment mutinied a few years later. Fortunately she looked for a little more historical context before she judged her ancestor too harshly. The troops had lived for months on few provisions and little of the pay that was owed them and. “Every man has his breaking point,” she decided. They weren’t disloyal, just fed up, a conclusion that seemed supported by the regiment’s rejection of a British offer to buy their loyalty.
 
Several great record examples appeared as we learned more about Michael Harmon: indenture records, regimental histories, a military pay slip, tax records and a will. Examining the will, Angie Harmon becomes noticeably excited as she finds the name of Michael’s wife and seven children. An entire family reconstructed in a single document: genealogical paydirt.
 
Wills are usually available in probate court (also called chancery court or orphans court) records for the county where the will was filed. FamilySearch has many counties’ probate records on microfilm; try searching the online catalog for the name of the county and then looking for a probate heading. If the film is digitized on FamilySearch.org, the catalog will link you to that film. If it’s not on microfilm or digitized, you can write to the courthouse (if you know the date the will was filed or have a file number, information that might available in an index published by the local genealogical society) or visit in person.

FamilyTreeMagazine.com has some tips here for finding your ancestors' wills.
 
Angie Harmon brings along her three young daughters on a visit to the ancestral farm in the rolling green hills of Kentucky. The last reveal is the current owner: a cousin, Michael Harmon, 220 years after the first Michael Harmon:


 
If you’ve got deep US roots, some of the record sets that proved helpful to Harmon’s research could help yours, too. Enlist the aid of military records with our US Military Records independent study course. You’ll learn about different kinds of records created over time, including service, pension, bounty land and draft records. Then get up to speed on tax records, estate files and other county-level records in our Courthouse Research Crash Course OnDemand Webinar.

Next week's "Who Do You Think You Are?" features actor Sean Hayes and his Irish family history. Tune in Sunday, March 29 at 10/9 Central.


"Who Do You Think You Are?" | Celebrity Roots | court records | Military records
Monday, March 23, 2015 8:08:42 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)  #  Comments [1]
# Friday, March 20, 2015
"Who Do You Think You Are?": Angie Harmon To Trace Her American Revolution Roots
Posted by Diane



After a whirlwind trip to Germany last week, this Sunday's "Who Do You Think You Are?" stays close to home as actor Angie Harmon traces her indentured servant fifth-great-grandfather, Michael Harmon.

He served in the Revolutionary War at Valley Forge, mutinied in protest of the lack of pay, food and clothing; and eventually became a landowner in Kentucky. At the end of the show, Angie Harmon brings her daughters to visit that land and meets the cousin who owns it today.

The show airs Sunday, March 22, at 10 ET/9 Central on TLC.

You can get a sneak peek at the Angie Harmon "WDYTYA?" episode on the show's website. Come back here on Monday for our "WDYTYA?" recap.


"Who Do You Think You Are?" | Celebrity Roots
Friday, March 20, 2015 9:06:55 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)  #  Comments [0]
Genealogy News Corral: March 16-20
Posted by Diane

  • The New England Historic Genealogical Society has updated its quarterly journal with a new design and a broader editorial focus. The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, appearing this week in its 673rd issue, now features a full-color cover with a contents listing and a modernized interior design. The supplemental American Ancestors Journal will be integrated into the Register to give it a national and international scope, while still retaining an emphasis on New England, New York State, and out-migrations from New England.
  • Saturday, March 28, the Civil War Trust will hold its 19th annual Park Day, when volunteers gather to clean up historic battlefield sites across the country. This is the first year the cleanup effort will include both Civil War and Revolutionary War sites. Details such as event times and registration procedures vary by the cleanup site. To participate in Park Day, find a site near you on this list


Civil War | FamilySearch | Genealogy Events | Genealogy societies
Friday, March 20, 2015 8:29:05 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)  #  Comments [0]
# Wednesday, March 18, 2015
Ancestry.com Launches Genealogy Website for Searching Irish Newspapers
Posted by Tyler

Ancestry.com has introduced a new Irish genealogy research site called IrishNewspapers.com, which contains searchable digitized pages from 63 newspapers published in Ireland.

The papers come from the Irish Newspaper Archives website, but IrishNewspapers.com offers them with a much more user-friendly interface and search.

IrishNewspapers.com works much like Newspapers.com (another Ancestry.com site, with mostly US content): You can enter a name or other search terms, then narrow your results to the most relevant dates, places and newspaper titles. You can run a search without subscribing, and the snippet views of your search results often provide enough context to tell whether a particular result might be relevant to your family history (and whether it's worth subscribing).

IrishNewspapers.com lists its digitized papers here. Use this listing to get an idea whether the site could be useful to you: Choose your ancestral Irish county from the filters on the left to see papers published there and dates covered.

My family rumored to be from County Cork, for example, immigrated to the United States during the 1840s, but the IrishNewspapers.com papers published in Cork begin in the late 1800s. Of course, the papers would be a good way to research family who remained in Ireland, if I knew their names. I would first need to identify whom to search for and where they lived.

IrishNewspapers.com is a separate subscription from Newspapers.com, $19.99 per month or $99.99 per year (both auto-renew).

Note that if you have a Newspapers.com subscription, you have access to that site's content from 16 newspapers published in Ireland. Some of it overlaps what's on IrishNewspapers.com: When I ran a IrishNewspapers.com search, clicked on a match and entered my email address to begin the registration process, the site reminded me that I already have access to that paper on Newspapers.com.


Ancestry.com | Newspapers | UK and Irish roots
Wednesday, March 18, 2015 3:56:23 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)  #  Comments [0]
# Tuesday, March 17, 2015
Finding the Irish in My Family Tree
Posted by Diane

Happy St. Patrick's Day to you!

I was trying to explain to my four-year-old this morning in the car that his fourth-great-grandparents, Edward Norris and and Elizabeth Butler, came from a country called Ireland. After observing that Elizabeth's name has a potty word in it, he asked where they lived and wished he could meet them.

Me, too, buddy.
 
I'm still in the US-records-gathering phase with this family. Oral tradition says they came from County Cork, but I haven't found records stating anything beyond "Ireland." That and their common names are slowing down my search.

Edward and Elizabeth had at least eight children. Their son, also named Edward, is my great-great-grandfather. Another son, James, was a Cincinnati firefighter during the 1900 and 1910 censuses. This had become the country's first full-time professional department in 1853, and was the source of innovations such as the first practical fire engine, powered by steam.

Although I couldn't find statistics, Irish immigrants often dominated police and fire departments in large US cities. Many departments today have Emerald societies that demonstrate their members' pride in their Irish heritage. (Here's an interesting New York Times article about the Irish brogue in police and fire departments.)

James' youngest son, Raymond, followed in his father's footsteps to join the fire department in 1916, according to a Cincinnati Enquirer article.  Ray received a leave of absence to enlist in World War I. The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the World War, 1917-18 says he was discharged a private first class in March 1919.


Cincinnati Enquirer, Jan. 18, 1920, p. 14

Back home, Ray joined the fire department's Engine Company 42. On Jan. 17, 1920, his company responded to a fire at the Newton Tea & Spice Co. Ray was in a group of men spraying water from a bridge ramp overlooking the building when an explosion sent a brick wall crashing down on them. Ray was found laying over the hose, one of four men killed. Fourteen others were critically injured.

James, as a former firefighter, probably knew what he might see when he went to identify his son's body at the city morgue.


Morgue records, volume 15, certificate 196 : Norris, Ray, 1920-01-17

One day, when my kids are a little older, I'll share this piece of our family's proud Irish heritage with them.

If you have Irish roots, you'll want to keep an eye on the National Library of Ireland's plans to post Irish Catholic Church records free online (starting this summer).

On FamilyTreeMagazine.com, find four tips for tracing Irish roots as well as advice for finding an Irish place of origin. You also might like our Irish Genealogy Cheat Sheet or Irish Genealogy Crash Course webinar, both available in ShopFamilyTree.com.


UK and Irish roots
Tuesday, March 17, 2015 8:46:19 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)  #  Comments [4]
# Monday, March 16, 2015
Trace Irish Ancestors in Poverty Relief Loan Records on Findmypast
Posted by Diane



Subscription site Findmypast recently added Poverty Relief Loan Fund records to its Irish record collections. These records document loans that local committees provided to the "industrious poor." They contain nearly 700,000 personal names from counties Clare, Cork, Galway, Kerry, Leitrim, Limerick, Mayo, Roscommon, Sligo and Tipperary, giving age, occupation, fiscal history, and sometimes more.

The collection ranges from 1821 to 1874, with most records dating from 1824 to 1846. They include the Irish Famine era, 1845 to 1852, when many of our Irish relatives would've been most in need of assistance.

The records include follow-up information on the borrowers, who might've emigrated, been punished for nonpayment, or died of starvation or disease (so, maybe not the collection you want to research if you're already having a bad day).

See this Findmypast blog post for tips on using the Poverty Relief Loan Fund records, as well as an example of tracing a borrower from County Mayo, Joseph Cannon, on his loan application (shown above) and ledger entries.

Findmypast subscribers can search the Ireland, Poverty Relief Loans 1821-1874 database here (where you'll also find much more information about this record set), or browse the records here.

For tips on searching for ancestors in Findmypast, look for our Findmypast Web Guide download in ShopFamilyTree.com.


findmypast | UK and Irish roots
Monday, March 16, 2015 3:36:18 PM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)  #  Comments [0]
"Who Do You Think You Are?": Josh Groban Explores His German Roots
Posted by Diane



This post is brought to us by guest blogger and our "Who Do You Think You Are?" special correspondent, Sunny Jane Morton:

Josh Groban didn’t sing his way through last night’s episode of "Who Do You Think You Are?" But the multiplatinum singer still commanded center stage as he pursued the story of a distant grandfather, eight generations back.
 
The story starts with a widow and her children arriving in Pennsylvania in the late 1600s, according to the Passenger and Immigration Lists Index. This resource, searchable on Ancestry.com and in print at many large libraries, is helpful for tracing early immigrants. The index transcribes information from a variety of resources, such as emigration lists and genealogical journals.

Groban followed the trail of the missing husband, his eighth-great-grandfather, back to Germany. Here he discovered that Johann Zimmermann was an educated Lutheran church deacon, astronomer and singing instructor. It was easy to see how pleased Josh was to hold a music textbook from which Johann would have taught.
 
Then Johann’s story turned sad. He observed Halley’s Comet in the night sky, which he thought forecast doom for a corrupt Lutheran church. He published this opinion under a pseudonym, but was found out and got in big trouble with the church court. He pleaded to keep his job, mentioning his "heavily pregnant" wife in a letter to the duke. With each German document or book he viewed, Groban also received a neatly typed English translation.

Desperate to hold onto his beliefs without causing his family more suffering, he headed for Quaker Pennsylvania. He didn’t make it, but they did. (Here's some behind-the-scenes, cutting-room-floor info on Johann's burial site in Rotterdam.)
 
In the episode, Groban took a whirlwind tour of German church and university archives, where he paged through 17th-century books and held documents written by his ancestor. He stood in the courtyard of Johann’s university dormitory. He climbed to the belfry where Johann may have stood to examine the night sky.
 
It was clear Groban wasn’t sure what to make of his ancestor’s radical opinions. Many genealogists can relate to having ancestors whose value systems differ markedly from our own. He didn’t try too hard to judge the distant past by today’s standards. Instead, he looked at other indicators of the man’s character, like his willingness to sacrifice for his beliefs and his desire to take good care of his family.
 
Until his "WDYTYA?" appearance, Groban had no idea he had German roots—a heritage he shares with around 50 million Americans. German-Americans played a major role in populating the United States and constitute the largest single ethnic group in the United States today.
 
If you're tracing German ancestors (and you aren’t a celebrity guest on "WDYTYA?"), check our popular  Family Tree German Genealogy Guide by James M. Beidler. It has advice on discovering where in Germany your immigrant ancestor came from, as well as on researching in the records of Germany. Our German Genealogy Cheat Sheet is a handy quick reference, with a German alphabet guide to help you read old records, a word list and more.
» Sunny Jane Morton

"Who Do You Think You Are?" | Ancestry.com | Celebrity Roots | German roots
Monday, March 16, 2015 9:18:05 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)  #  Comments [1]
# Friday, March 13, 2015
Genealogy News Corral, March 9-13
Posted by Diane

We have two genealogy website closures to report this week:
  • The Place My Past website, which let you put your family tree on a map, will close March 19. This is partly because Google is retiring one of the main datasets Place My Past uses to find locations in members' family trees, and partly because of "internal issues."
The Federation of Genealogical Societies has issued a call for presentations for its 2016 annual conference, to be held Aug. 31-Sept. 3 in Springfield, Ill. The deadline for submissions is April 10, 2015. Click here for information on submitting proposals.

FamilySearch has added more than 2.2 million index records and images to the free FamilySearch.org. Records come from Australia, Philippines, Slovakia, Ukraine, the United States, and Zimbabwe. You can see the list of updated collections and click through to search or browse each onefrom the FamilySearch blog.


FamilySearch | findmypast | Genealogy Web Sites | UK and Irish roots
Friday, March 13, 2015 9:53:21 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)  #  Comments [0]
"Who Do You Think You Are?": Josh Groban Traces Ancestry in Germany
Posted by Diane

This Sunday's episode of "Who Do You Think You Are?" features singer Josh Groban and his genealogy search on his mother's side of the family. That journey takes him to Germany and his eighth-great-grandfather, a deacon and accomplished author on astronomy, mathematics and science. 

Here's a short peek at the episode:



Now I'm getting jealous—my dream trip is a visit to the little towns in Germany where my ancestors came from. The episode airs this Sunday, March 15, at 10/9 Central on TLC.

Also, don't forget to enter the Be a "Who Do You Think You Are?" Star sweepstakes, with a prize package that lets you discover your roots like a celebrity.


Celebrity Roots | German roots
Friday, March 13, 2015 8:41:31 AM (Eastern Standard Time, UTC-05:00)  #  Comments [0]